Brotherhood in the gulf, with stephane lacroix, david roberts, guido steinberg, courtney freer and kristin diwan offering detailed critical analysis of the many dimensions of islamism in the gulf. This paper introduces the gulf moment in contemporary arab history and examines. Constitutional reform and political participation in the gulf khalaf. Political reform measures from a domestic gcc perspective.
Download the full collection as a free, open access pdf here. Power and politics in the persian gulf monarchies hurst. Abstract this article investigates the decisions behind the. Part i focuses on the political economy implications of the decline in oil prices and government revenues for the gulf states, while part ii suggests incentives and. Identity politics in the persian gulf post third gulf war rieas. Criticisms of mass public competence to influence foreign policy lose some of their sting, but there remain grounds for concern about the quality of public opinion. Sectarianism may be broadly defined as the process through which forms of ethnic andor religious identity are politicized. The contributors to this book examine sectarian politics in the persian gulf, including the gcc states, yemen, iran and iraq, and consider the origins and con sequences of sectarianism broadly construed, as it affects. Sean yom, russell lucas and curtis ryan each explain in their own way the emergence of monarchical solidarity against the arab uprisings, with the rulers of the gulf. Sectarian politics in the gulf epub adobe drm can be read on any device that can open epub adobe drm files. Contemporary socio political issues of the arab gulf moment core. This report on sectarianism in the middle east was written in 2015 with the intent of informing u.
As the dominant power in the international system, the us would act to protect the stability of the system, and thereby ensure perpetuation of. The third set of articles look back at a longer history of the politics of the gulf cooperation council. One of the aims of this research project will be to determine the extent to which sectarian identity affects the ongoing political developments within the gulf. Sectarianism is a form of prejudice, discrimination, or hatred arising from attaching relations of inferiority and superiority to differences between subdivisions within a group. States in the region are not merely tribes with flags, nor is kinship in such states a relic of preoil politics. The saudi ruling family, headed by king abdullah ibn abdulaziz, monopolizes the countrys political and economical apparatuses. Free example of political psychology of the gulf war essay the 20 th century will be remembered as one of the centuries in human history that experienced a lot of wars and war rumors. Sectarian politics in the gulf working group summary report certain streams of scholarship have suggested that conflicts around sectarian identity lie at the very crux of middle eastern politics. Marc lynch, director of pomeps, and stephanie dahle, assistant director of pomeps. Pdf on jan 1, 2009, james onley and others published britain and the gulf shaikhdoms, 1820 1971. International politics of the gulf war oxford scholarship. The foreign policy literature on the gulf cooperation council gcc is plentiful, and certainly has a rich and volatile sample to consider. Olimat1 abstract on may 17, 2008, kuwait conducted its twelfth election of its national assembly. These changes affecting the region run the gamut from rapid economic and infrastructural development to profound social and cultural changes resulting from diffusion, globalization, and the widespread introduction of americanstyle education.
The most remarkable aspect of the election was the active participation of women, who gained their right to vote in may 2005. Political segmentation and diversification in the rentier. The qatar crisis project on middle east political science. Often misidentified in western media as the largest shiite party in iraq, sciri the supreme council for the islamic revolution in iraq almajlis alaala li althawra alislamiya filiraq is certainly one of the most powerful. Focusing on three gulf states affected most by sectarian tensions bahrain, saudi arabia, and kuwait wehrey identifies the factors that have exacerbated or tempered sectarianism, including domestic political institutions, the media, clerical establishments, and the contagion effect of external regional events, such as the iraq war, the. Geopolitics of the persian gulf region 83 saudi arabia conducts an incoherent policy towards its shia minority, being unsure about its loyalty towards the saudi monarchy. Jan 14, 2014 carnegies frederic wehrey discussed these dynamics at length, providing insights from his new book, sectarian politics in the gulf. The international politics of the persian gulf on jstor. Khaleeji identity in contemporary gulf politics by gaith. Understanding the politics of the gulf cooperation council. This book investigates the paradox at the heart of presentday gulf of guinea politics. The persian gulf wars impact on americans political information. The contributors to this book examine sectarian politics in the persian gulf, including the gcc states, yemen, iran and iraq, and consider the origins and consequences of sectarianism broadly construed, as it affects ethnic, tribal and religious groups. Barnett the gulf war of 19891990 unleashed a regional dialogue con cerning what security arrangements should be established to discourage a repeti.
It traces the steady loosening of the colonial ties that had once bound weak states to stronger states, of which the dismantling of the soviet empire was a critical step and the buildup to the gulf war a striking symptom. The gulf war, 19901991 section 1 realist ir theory and the gulf war from reading chapter 5 of the globalization of world politics 4e. The story begins in 1971 when britain ended its protectorate relations with the smaller states of the lower gulf. Institute for gulf affairs policy brief, june 2014 policy. Why should a trader care about his commercial partners politics. The small gulf states analyses the evolution of these states foreign and security policies since the arab spring. The new politics of intervention of gulf arab states middle east centre, london school of economics and political science 2015 the new politics of intervention of gulf arab states. The dynamics of sectarianism have changed dramatically over recent decades in the gulf, corresponding often to political upheavals within the region. Power and politics in the persian gulf monarchies is a superb addition to the existing literature on an area long neglected by scholars of the middle east. Women and politics in kuwait bridgewater state university. The politics of protection find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Yet it is also the result of an ordinary struggle between two regional powers. Young is research fellow at the lse middle east centre. This paper argues that the main impediment for womens inability to.
Focusing on three states affected most by sectarian tensionsbahrain, saudi arabia, and kuwaitwehrey identifies the factors that have exacerbated or tempered sectarianism, including domestic political institutions, the media, clerical establishments, and the contagion effect of external events, such as the iraq civil war and the arab. George washington universitys marc lynch moderated. For this reason we decided to incorporate a study of the political dimensions of the gulf. Partly based on a years fieldwork in the gulf and making full use of arabic and gulf sources, oil and politics in the gulf goes far beyond previously published accounts of the region in its analysis of the effects of oil on domestic politics. Political science at the american university of sharjah, uae from 2009 to 2014. The contemporary record of gulf politics would seem to indicate that some citizens and governments long ago reneged on their wealthforacquiescence agreements. This course covers the international politics of the middle east and of the persian gulf with an emphasis on the period since 1945. Political dimensions of the gulf crisis oxford institute for energy. Iranian revolution in 1979, the iraqtran war in 198088, and now, in 1990, the new gulf crisis induced by iraqs invasion of kuwait. Sectarian politics in the persian gulf book summary. The new politics of intervention of gulf arab states lse.
Apr 07, 2016 secretary of state john kerry meets with gulf state ministers as differences over iran and a host of regional conflicts cloud the relationship. Institute for gulf affairs policy brief, june 2014 saudi arabia was established as an absolute monarchy in 1932. Its defining characteristics are a strong organisation, whose leadership hails from one of najafs leading families, the hakims. Sectarian politics in the gulf represents the most uptodate and insightful study on the politics of sectarianism in three key gulf countries. Sectarian politics in the gulf georgetown university. Interested readers should also look at the 20 pomeps studies 4. This chapter discusses how the gulf war was more the last act of an old world order that was coming to a close rather than the first act of a new world order. The contributors to this book examine sectarian politics in the persian gulf, including the gcc states, yemen, iran and iraq, and consider the origins and con sequences of sectarianism broadly construed, as it affects ethnic, tribal and religious groups. Identity politics, sectarian conflict, and regional political. Long a taboo topic, as well as one that has alarmed outside powers, sectarian conflict in the middle east is on the rise. So, too, are the personal observations from the authors travels to bahrain and kuwait in 2011 and after, and to saudi arabia prior to the start of the upheaval. Oct 26, 2009 the gulf crisis of 19901991 was, by any standards, one of the more significant international crises of the post1945 epoch. The arab rulers and the british resident in the nineteenth century 2004 article pdf available january 2004 with 920 reads how we measure reads.
Abu dhabi is a new economic superpower that will soon wield enormous influence across both developing and developed worlds. With particular focus on oman, qatar and the united arab emirates, it explores how these states have been successful in not only guaranteeing their survival, but also in increasing their influence in the region. Read sectarian politics in the gulf pdf from the iraq war to the arab uprisings by frederic wehrey columbia university press one of foreign policys best five books of 20, chosen by marc. Understanding the politics of the gulf cooperation council states gcc a lunch time crash course for students, faculty, and researchers the gulf cooperation council states saudi arabia, oman, bahrain, qatar, kuwait, united arab emirates have since their inception gone through quite unique socioeconomic and political developments. Breaking black boxes and explaining new interventions karen e. The points put forward by matthiesen to depict the rise of sectarian politics in the gulf as a policy response to the arab spring are compelling.
Far from being an intrinsic or innate feature of these societies, prof. The gulf war 19901991 and the study of international. The transformation of the gulf politics, economics and. Data from the center for political studies political consequences of war study, which plumbed americans information about the persian gulf war, suggest it does, albeit slightly. The politics of the gulf philip robins st antonys college 61008 queries on the availability of this option should be directed to dr robins this option is being offered to students on the mmes m. Conflicts in yemen, syria and bahrain can be viewed in this light. Kelly, paint a positive picture of britains role as arbiter and guardian of the gulf. Foreign policy analysis of the gulf, however, is often hindered by the black box of leadership within the gulf arab states. For states in transition in the gulf and the region, this opens up new possibilities with regard to the political and economic choices facing new and reempowered policy elites. Iraqs leader, saddam hussein, ordered the invasion and occupation of kuwait with the apparent aim of acquiring that nations large oil reserves, canceling a large debt iraq owed kuwait, and expanding iraqi power in the region. Ir theory in practice case study university of alberta.
It was, in the words of one gulf scholar, red meat to the sectarian radicals. This summers political crisis did not come out of nowhere. The persian gulf is a unique spot in the islam world, because the shia population is so well represented in traditional sunni muslim societies. Wehrey shows in careful detail how sectarianism is invoked, produced and instrumentalized, and. Kinship is important to individual identity, the distribution of power and resources within the state, and connections beyond it. The gcc in 2020 outlook for the gulf and the global economy. More importantly, the region has been the major potential source of incremental supplies since the 1940s, and will retain this role in. He received his dphil in history from the university of oxford 2001, where he studied at st. Home qatar international region business sport opinion. The international relations of the persian gulf gregory gauses masterful book is the.
The political economy of sectarianism in the gulf carnegie. Since the ini tial draft was completed, the united states and its allies have defeated the main combat contingent of the islamic state, the syrian regime of bashar alassad has rebounded from near defeat, and the govern. In 2011, the countries of the gulf cooperation council gcc were projected to have an economic growth rate of 7. Sectarian politics in the gulf frederic wehrey pdf from. At the broadest level, the political economy of the gulf is characterized by three general sets of developments. A theory of late rentierism in the arab states of the gulf. Kinship politics in the gulf arab states are often oversimplified. Biopolitics of arab gulf worker protests in the year of uprisings ahmed kanna introduction the arab region is undergoing a potentially worldhistorical transformation. This is an edited new book on social media in the arab world.
Observers of the persian gulf agree that the strategically critical region is undergoing profound changes. The current gulf crisis has brought back politics to the forefront. Analysis of individual gulf states domestic and geopolitical maneuvering supports this theoretical framework. Common examples are denominations of a religion, ethnic identity, class, or region for citizens of a state and factions of a political movement the ideological underpinnings of attitudes and behaviours labelled as. Sectarian politics in the gulf columbia university press. Sectarian politics in the gulf isbn 9780231165129 pdf epub. The political impact of social media on the arab gulf.
The persian gulf is a unique spot in the islam world, because the shia population is so. Political psychology of the gulf war essays writers. It involved the mobilization of around one million armed men, the diplomatic involvement of much of the international community, and a war that, for all its limited character, was a significant case of interstate conflict. Aug 29, 2016 18 justin gengler, understanding sectarianism in the persian gulf, in sectarian politics in the persian gulf, edited by lawrence g. Given the disparate demands of the political objectives, it was vital that the iraqi revolutionary command council define clearly their war termination goals, before committing their army to battle. From the iraq war to the arab uprisings columbia studies in middle east politics at. Changing geographies of security interdependence and competing visions of regional order harry verhoeven school of foreign service, georgetown university in qatar, doha, qatar abstract the historical proximity between the arabian peninsula and the horn of africa has in recent years been increasingly experienced as a. The governance crisis festering throughout every one of the regions states ought to discourage outsiders from capitalintensive, longterm commercial involvement and cast doubts over the political survival of ruling cliques. Senior researcher in middle east politics and iran. Introduction the middle east holds a very iarge proportion of the worlds proven oil reserves. The changing architecture of world politics means that power and influence will be dispersed among a greater number of active participants than ever before. Kinship politics in the gulf arab states the arab gulf. The gulf war, 19901991 ir theory in practice case study.
She was assistant professor of political science at the american university of sharjah, uae from 2009 to. This book explores these contradictions in relation to a subsystem of the middle east, namely the gulf region. Encompassing iran and the states of the arabian peninsula, the research. By providing comprehensive, indepth analyses of the domestic politics of the gcc states, the volume highlights the travails and complexities of their political development and the. Persian gulf war, also called gulf war, 199091, international conflict that was triggered by iraqs invasion of kuwait on august 2, 1990. The politics of economic reform in arab gulf states baker institute. Trucial states united arab emirates, and oman during the era of british hegemony in the. The central aim of this study is to examine the dynamic ways in which. Gulf nationalism and the geopolitics of constructing falconry.
Now, the perceptions have become totally different. The political economy of the gulf georgetown university. Understanding these new trends as they unfold will be critical if europeans and other international actors intend to rely on the gulf states as financial and political partners in the region. This article examines britains protection of kuwait, bahrain, qatar, the. From the iraq war to the arab uprisings, columbia studies in middle east politics new york. Gulf politics are entering the most unpredictable and volatile era since their establishment.
The late 1960s and early 1970s experienced the cold war between the united states and the ussr, with each fighting for the position of super power across the globe. Wehrey dispassionately chronicles sectarianism in the three gulf countries where shiitesunni tensions are arguably most significant. From the iraq war to the arab uprisings columbia university press, 20, named one of the best middle east books of 20 by foreign policy. Gulf nationalism and the geopolitics of constructing falconry as a heritage sport article in studies in ethnicity and nationalism 153. He details how regional developments, above all the islamic revolution in iran in 1979, the u.
This summary report contains synopses of chapters written for the sectarian politics in the gulf research initiative over two working group meetings that took place in doha. United arab emirates majlis watani itihadi federal national council. Egypt, iraq, palestine, sudan, and transjordan were under the british mandate, while the north african states, lebanon, and syria were under the french mandate. He specializes in the history, society, culture, and politics of the gulf arab states, and is director of the gulf studies ma and phd program at exeter. Identity politics, sectarian conflict, and regional political rivalry in the middle east sean cleary i an introduction to sectarian identities although conflicts between sunni and shia muslims are not the only sectarian violence in the middle east, with an increase in violence against members of the coptic community in egypt before. At the root of the conflict between iran and its arab neighbours lies the shiasunni divide, as the patrons of the two muslim sects, tehran and riyadh respectively, are both prepared to promote and support their sectarian beliefs. Adibmoghaddam examines the causes and consequences of conflict in one of the most important regions of the world. The international relations of the persian gulf written by distinguished professor f. The central aim of this study is to examine the dynamic ways in which evolving sectarian identities and politics in the gulf region intersect.791 1416 1396 1540 655 1385 1265 1427 387 746 425 1368 979 637 1215 1447 945 1241 1373 267 334 223 104 306 219 1237 869 514 536 1456 113 1127 1429 1492 1401 399 916 442 1177 1443